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numpy.apply_over_axes

# numpy.apply_along_axis¶

`numpy.``apply_along_axis`(func1d, axis, arr, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Apply a function to 1-D slices along the given axis.

Execute func1d(a, *args) where func1d operates on 1-D arrays and a is a 1-D slice of arr along axis.

This is equivalent to (but faster than) the following use of `ndindex` and `s_`, which sets each of `ii`, `jj`, and `kk` to a tuple of indices:

```Ni, Nk = a.shape[:axis], a.shape[axis+1:]
for ii in ndindex(Ni):
for kk in ndindex(Nk):
f = func1d(arr[ii + s_[:,] + kk])
Nj = f.shape
for jj in ndindex(Nj):
out[ii + jj + kk] = f[jj]
```

Equivalently, eliminating the inner loop, this can be expressed as:

```Ni, Nk = a.shape[:axis], a.shape[axis+1:]
for ii in ndindex(Ni):
for kk in ndindex(Nk):
out[ii + s_[...,] + kk] = func1d(arr[ii + s_[:,] + kk])
```
Parameters
func1dfunction (M,) -> (Nj…)

This function should accept 1-D arrays. It is applied to 1-D slices of arr along the specified axis.

axisinteger

Axis along which arr is sliced.

arrndarray (Ni…, M, Nk…)

Input array.

argsany

kwargsany

New in version 1.9.0.

Returns
outndarray (Ni…, Nj…, Nk…)

The output array. The shape of out is identical to the shape of arr, except along the axis dimension. This axis is removed, and replaced with new dimensions equal to the shape of the return value of func1d. So if func1d returns a scalar out will have one fewer dimensions than arr.

`apply_over_axes`

Apply a function repeatedly over multiple axes.

Examples

```>>> def my_func(a):
...     """Average first and last element of a 1-D array"""
...     return (a[0] + a[-1]) * 0.5
>>> b = np.array([[1,2,3], [4,5,6], [7,8,9]])
>>> np.apply_along_axis(my_func, 0, b)
array([4., 5., 6.])
>>> np.apply_along_axis(my_func, 1, b)
array([2.,  5.,  8.])
```

For a function that returns a 1D array, the number of dimensions in outarr is the same as arr.

```>>> b = np.array([[8,1,7], [4,3,9], [5,2,6]])
>>> np.apply_along_axis(sorted, 1, b)
array([[1, 7, 8],
[3, 4, 9],
[2, 5, 6]])
```

For a function that returns a higher dimensional array, those dimensions are inserted in place of the axis dimension.

```>>> b = np.array([[1,2,3], [4,5,6], [7,8,9]])
>>> np.apply_along_axis(np.diag, -1, b)
array([[[1, 0, 0],
[0, 2, 0],
[0, 0, 3]],
[[4, 0, 0],
[0, 5, 0],
[0, 0, 6]],
[[7, 0, 0],
[0, 8, 0],
[0, 0, 9]]])
```