NumPy

numpy.insert

numpy.insert(arr, obj, values, axis=None)[source]

Insert values along the given axis before the given indices.

Parameters
arrarray_like

Input array.

objint, slice or sequence of ints

Object that defines the index or indices before which values is inserted.

New in version 1.8.0.

Support for multiple insertions when obj is a single scalar or a sequence with one element (similar to calling insert multiple times).

valuesarray_like

Values to insert into arr. If the type of values is different from that of arr, values is converted to the type of arr. values should be shaped so that arr[...,obj,...] = values is legal.

axisint, optional

Axis along which to insert values. If axis is None then arr is flattened first.

Returns
outndarray

A copy of arr with values inserted. Note that insert does not occur in-place: a new array is returned. If axis is None, out is a flattened array.

See also

append

Append elements at the end of an array.

concatenate

Join a sequence of arrays along an existing axis.

delete

Delete elements from an array.

Notes

Note that for higher dimensional inserts obj=0 behaves very different from obj=[0] just like arr[:,0,:] = values is different from arr[:,[0],:] = values.

Examples

>>> a = np.array([[1, 1], [2, 2], [3, 3]])
>>> a
array([[1, 1],
       [2, 2],
       [3, 3]])
>>> np.insert(a, 1, 5)
array([1, 5, 1, ..., 2, 3, 3])
>>> np.insert(a, 1, 5, axis=1)
array([[1, 5, 1],
       [2, 5, 2],
       [3, 5, 3]])

Difference between sequence and scalars:

>>> np.insert(a, [1], [[1],[2],[3]], axis=1)
array([[1, 1, 1],
       [2, 2, 2],
       [3, 3, 3]])
>>> np.array_equal(np.insert(a, 1, [1, 2, 3], axis=1),
...                np.insert(a, [1], [[1],[2],[3]], axis=1))
True
>>> b = a.flatten()
>>> b
array([1, 1, 2, 2, 3, 3])
>>> np.insert(b, [2, 2], [5, 6])
array([1, 1, 5, ..., 2, 3, 3])
>>> np.insert(b, slice(2, 4), [5, 6])
array([1, 1, 5, ..., 2, 3, 3])
>>> np.insert(b, [2, 2], [7.13, False]) # type casting
array([1, 1, 7, ..., 2, 3, 3])
>>> x = np.arange(8).reshape(2, 4)
>>> idx = (1, 3)
>>> np.insert(x, idx, 999, axis=1)
array([[  0, 999,   1,   2, 999,   3],
       [  4, 999,   5,   6, 999,   7]])

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