NumPy

numpy.searchsorted

numpy.searchsorted(a, v, side='left', sorter=None)[source]

Find indices where elements should be inserted to maintain order.

Find the indices into a sorted array a such that, if the corresponding elements in v were inserted before the indices, the order of a would be preserved.

Assuming that a is sorted:

side

returned index i satisfies

left

a[i-1] < v <= a[i]

right

a[i-1] <= v < a[i]

Parameters
a1-D array_like

Input array. If sorter is None, then it must be sorted in ascending order, otherwise sorter must be an array of indices that sort it.

varray_like

Values to insert into a.

side{‘left’, ‘right’}, optional

If ‘left’, the index of the first suitable location found is given. If ‘right’, return the last such index. If there is no suitable index, return either 0 or N (where N is the length of a).

sorter1-D array_like, optional

Optional array of integer indices that sort array a into ascending order. They are typically the result of argsort.

New in version 1.7.0.

Returns
indicesarray of ints

Array of insertion points with the same shape as v.

See also

sort

Return a sorted copy of an array.

histogram

Produce histogram from 1-D data.

Notes

Binary search is used to find the required insertion points.

As of NumPy 1.4.0 searchsorted works with real/complex arrays containing nan values. The enhanced sort order is documented in sort.

This function uses the same algorithm as the builtin python bisect.bisect_left (side='left') and bisect.bisect_right (side='right') functions, which is also vectorized in the v argument.

Examples

>>> np.searchsorted([1,2,3,4,5], 3)
2
>>> np.searchsorted([1,2,3,4,5], 3, side='right')
3
>>> np.searchsorted([1,2,3,4,5], [-10, 10, 2, 3])
array([0, 5, 1, 2])

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