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numpy.amin(a, axis=None, out=None, keepdims=<no value>, initial=<no value>, where=<no value>)[source]

Return the minimum of an array or minimum along an axis.


Input data.

axisNone or int or tuple of ints, optional

Axis or axes along which to operate. By default, flattened input is used.

New in version 1.7.0.

If this is a tuple of ints, the minimum is selected over multiple axes, instead of a single axis or all the axes as before.

outndarray, optional

Alternative output array in which to place the result. Must be of the same shape and buffer length as the expected output. See ufuncs-output-type for more details.

keepdimsbool, optional

If this is set to True, the axes which are reduced are left in the result as dimensions with size one. With this option, the result will broadcast correctly against the input array.

If the default value is passed, then keepdims will not be passed through to the amin method of sub-classes of ndarray, however any non-default value will be. If the sub-class’ method does not implement keepdims any exceptions will be raised.

initialscalar, optional

The maximum value of an output element. Must be present to allow computation on empty slice. See reduce for details.

New in version 1.15.0.

wherearray_like of bool, optional

Elements to compare for the minimum. See reduce for details.

New in version 1.17.0.

aminndarray or scalar

Minimum of a. If axis is None, the result is a scalar value. If axis is given, the result is an array of dimension a.ndim - 1.

See also


The maximum value of an array along a given axis, propagating any NaNs.


The minimum value of an array along a given axis, ignoring any NaNs.


Element-wise minimum of two arrays, propagating any NaNs.


Element-wise minimum of two arrays, ignoring any NaNs.


Return the indices of the minimum values.

nanmax, maximum, fmax


NaN values are propagated, that is if at least one item is NaN, the corresponding min value will be NaN as well. To ignore NaN values (MATLAB behavior), please use nanmin.

Don’t use amin for element-wise comparison of 2 arrays; when a.shape[0] is 2, minimum(a[0], a[1]) is faster than amin(a, axis=0).


>>> a = np.arange(4).reshape((2,2))
>>> a
array([[0, 1],
       [2, 3]])
>>> np.amin(a)           # Minimum of the flattened array
>>> np.amin(a, axis=0)   # Minima along the first axis
array([0, 1])
>>> np.amin(a, axis=1)   # Minima along the second axis
array([0, 2])
>>> np.amin(a, where=[False, True], initial=10, axis=0)
array([10,  1])
>>> b = np.arange(5, dtype=float)
>>> b[2] = np.NaN
>>> np.amin(b)
>>> np.amin(b, where=~np.isnan(b), initial=10)
>>> np.nanmin(b)
>>> np.min([[-50], [10]], axis=-1, initial=0)
array([-50,   0])

Notice that the initial value is used as one of the elements for which the minimum is determined, unlike for the default argument Python’s max function, which is only used for empty iterables.

Notice that this isn’t the same as Python’s default argument.

>>> np.min([6], initial=5)
>>> min([6], default=5)