numpy.expm1¶

numpy.
expm1
(x, /, out=None, *, where=True, casting='same_kind', order='K', dtype=None, subok=True[, signature, extobj]) = <ufunc 'expm1'>¶ Calculate
exp(x)  1
for all elements in the array. Parameters
 xarray_like
Input values.
 outndarray, None, or tuple of ndarray and None, optional
A location into which the result is stored. If provided, it must have a shape that the inputs broadcast to. If not provided or None, a freshlyallocated array is returned. A tuple (possible only as a keyword argument) must have length equal to the number of outputs.
 wherearray_like, optional
This condition is broadcast over the input. At locations where the condition is True, the out array will be set to the ufunc result. Elsewhere, the out array will retain its original value. Note that if an uninitialized out array is created via the default
out=None
, locations within it where the condition is False will remain uninitialized. **kwargs
For other keywordonly arguments, see the ufunc docs.
 Returns
 outndarray or scalar
Elementwise exponential minus one:
out = exp(x)  1
. This is a scalar if x is a scalar.
See also
log1p
log(1 + x)
, the inverse of expm1.
Notes
This function provides greater precision than
exp(x)  1
for small values ofx
.Examples
The true value of
exp(1e10)  1
is1.00000000005e10
to about 32 significant digits. This example shows the superiority of expm1 in this case.>>> np.expm1(1e10) 1.00000000005e10 >>> np.exp(1e10)  1 1.000000082740371e10