# NumPy 1.6.0 Release Notes¶

This release includes several new features as well as numerous bug fixes and improved documentation. It is backward compatible with the 1.5.0 release, and supports Python 2.4 - 2.7 and 3.1 - 3.2.

## Highlights¶

Re-introduction of datetime dtype support to deal with dates in arrays.

A new 16-bit floating point type.

A new iterator, which improves performance of many functions.

## New features¶

### New 16-bit floating point type¶

This release adds support for the IEEE 754-2008 binary16 format, available as
the data type `numpy.half`

. Within Python, the type behaves similarly to
*float* or *double*, and C extensions can add support for it with the exposed
half-float API.

### New iterator¶

A new iterator has been added, replacing the functionality of the existing iterator and multi-iterator with a single object and API. This iterator works well with general memory layouts different from C or Fortran contiguous, and handles both standard NumPy and customized broadcasting. The buffering, automatic data type conversion, and optional output parameters, offered by ufuncs but difficult to replicate elsewhere, are now exposed by this iterator.

### Legendre, Laguerre, Hermite, HermiteE polynomials in `numpy.polynomial`

¶

Extend the number of polynomials available in the polynomial package. In
addition, a new `window`

attribute has been added to the classes in
order to specify the range the `domain`

maps to. This is mostly useful
for the Laguerre, Hermite, and HermiteE polynomials whose natural domains
are infinite and provides a more intuitive way to get the correct mapping
of values without playing unnatural tricks with the domain.

### Fortran assumed shape array and size function support in `numpy.f2py`

¶

F2py now supports wrapping Fortran 90 routines that use assumed shape arrays. Before such routines could be called from Python but the corresponding Fortran routines received assumed shape arrays as zero length arrays which caused unpredicted results. Thanks to Lorenz Hüdepohl for pointing out the correct way to interface routines with assumed shape arrays.

In addition, f2py supports now automatic wrapping of Fortran routines
that use two argument `size`

function in dimension specifications.

### Other new functions¶

`numpy.ravel_multi_index`

: Converts a multi-index tuple into
an array of flat indices, applying boundary modes to the indices.

`numpy.einsum`

: Evaluate the Einstein summation convention. Using the
Einstein summation convention, many common multi-dimensional array operations
can be represented in a simple fashion. This function provides a way compute
such summations.

`numpy.count_nonzero`

: Counts the number of non-zero elements in an array.

`numpy.result_type`

and `numpy.min_scalar_type`

: These functions expose
the underlying type promotion used by the ufuncs and other operations to
determine the types of outputs. These improve upon the `numpy.common_type`

and `numpy.mintypecode`

which provide similar functionality but do
not match the ufunc implementation.

## Changes¶

`default error handling`

¶

The default error handling has been change from `print`

to `warn`

for
all except for `underflow`

, which remains as `ignore`

.

`numpy.distutils`

¶

Several new compilers are supported for building Numpy: the Portland Group Fortran compiler on OS X, the PathScale compiler suite and the 64-bit Intel C compiler on Linux.

`numpy.testing`

¶

The testing framework gained `numpy.testing.assert_allclose`

, which provides
a more convenient way to compare floating point arrays than
*assert_almost_equal*, *assert_approx_equal* and *assert_array_almost_equal*.

`C API`

¶

In addition to the APIs for the new iterator and half data type, a number
of other additions have been made to the C API. The type promotion
mechanism used by ufuncs is exposed via `PyArray_PromoteTypes`

,
`PyArray_ResultType`

, and `PyArray_MinScalarType`

. A new enumeration
`NPY_CASTING`

has been added which controls what types of casts are
permitted. This is used by the new functions `PyArray_CanCastArrayTo`

and `PyArray_CanCastTypeTo`

. A more flexible way to handle
conversion of arbitrary python objects into arrays is exposed by
`PyArray_GetArrayParamsFromObject`

.

## Deprecated features¶

The “normed” keyword in `numpy.histogram`

is deprecated. Its functionality
will be replaced by the new “density” keyword.

## Removed features¶

`numpy.fft`

¶

The functions *refft*, *refft2*, *refftn*, *irefft*, *irefft2*, *irefftn*,
which were aliases for the same functions without the ‘e’ in the name, were
removed.

`numpy.memmap`

¶

The *sync()* and *close()* methods of memmap were removed. Use *flush()* and
“del memmap” instead.

`numpy.lib`

¶

The deprecated functions `numpy.unique1d`

, `numpy.setmember1d`

,
`numpy.intersect1d_nu`

and `numpy.lib.ufunclike.log2`

were removed.

`numpy.ma`

¶

Several deprecated items were removed from the `numpy.ma`

module:

```
* ``numpy.ma.MaskedArray`` "raw_data" method
* ``numpy.ma.MaskedArray`` constructor "flag" keyword
* ``numpy.ma.make_mask`` "flag" keyword
* ``numpy.ma.allclose`` "fill_value" keyword
```

`numpy.distutils`

¶

The `numpy.get_numpy_include`

function was removed, use `numpy.get_include`

instead.