# numpy.binary_repr#

numpy.binary_repr(num, width=None)[source]#

Return the binary representation of the input number as a string.

For negative numbers, if width is not given, a minus sign is added to the front. If width is given, the two’s complement of the number is returned, with respect to that width.

In a two’s-complement system negative numbers are represented by the two’s complement of the absolute value. This is the most common method of representing signed integers on computers [1]. A N-bit two’s-complement system can represent every integer in the range $$-2^{N-1}$$ to $$+2^{N-1}-1$$.

Parameters:
numint

Only an integer decimal number can be used.

widthint, optional

The length of the returned string if num is positive, or the length of the two’s complement if num is negative, provided that width is at least a sufficient number of bits for num to be represented in the designated form. If the width value is insufficient, an error is raised.

Returns:
binstr

Binary representation of num or two’s complement of num.

base_repr

Return a string representation of a number in the given base system.

bin

Python’s built-in binary representation generator of an integer.

Notes

binary_repr is equivalent to using base_repr with base 2, but about 25x faster.

References

[1]

Wikipedia, “Two’s complement”, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two’s_complement

Examples

>>> np.binary_repr(3)
'11'
>>> np.binary_repr(-3)
'-11'
>>> np.binary_repr(3, width=4)
'0011'


The two’s complement is returned when the input number is negative and width is specified:

>>> np.binary_repr(-3, width=3)
'101'
>>> np.binary_repr(-3, width=5)
'11101'