# numpy.random.Generator.standard_normal¶

method

Generator.standard_normal(size=None, dtype='d', out=None)

Draw samples from a standard Normal distribution (mean=0, stdev=1).

Parameters: size : int or tuple of ints, optional Output shape. If the given shape is, e.g., (m, n, k), then m * n * k samples are drawn. Default is None, in which case a single value is returned. dtype : {str, dtype}, optional Desired dtype of the result, either ‘d’ (or ‘float64’) or ‘f’ (or ‘float32’). All dtypes are determined by their name. The default value is ‘d’. out : ndarray, optional Alternative output array in which to place the result. If size is not None, it must have the same shape as the provided size and must match the type of the output values. out : float or ndarray A floating-point array of shape size of drawn samples, or a single sample if size was not specified.

normal
Equivalent function with additional loc and scale arguments for setting the mean and standard deviation.

Notes

For random samples from , use one of:

mu + sigma * gen.standard_normal(size=...)
gen.normal(mu, sigma, size=...)


Examples

>>> rng = np.random.default_rng()
>>> rng.standard_normal()
2.1923875335537315 #random

>>> s = rng.standard_normal(8000)
>>> s
array([ 0.6888893 ,  0.78096262, -0.89086505, ...,  0.49876311,  # random
-0.38672696, -0.4685006 ])                                # random
>>> s.shape
(8000,)
>>> s = rng.standard_normal(size=(3, 4, 2))
>>> s.shape
(3, 4, 2)


Two-by-four array of samples from :

>>> 3 + 2.5 * rng.standard_normal(size=(2, 4))
array([[-4.49401501,  4.00950034, -1.81814867,  7.29718677],   # random
[ 0.39924804,  4.68456316,  4.99394529,  4.84057254]])  # random


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