numpy.argpartition(a, kth, axis=-1, kind='introselect', order=None)[source]#

Perform an indirect partition along the given axis using the algorithm specified by the kind keyword. It returns an array of indices of the same shape as a that index data along the given axis in partitioned order.

New in version 1.8.0.


Array to sort.

kthint or sequence of ints

Element index to partition by. The k-th element will be in its final sorted position and all smaller elements will be moved before it and all larger elements behind it. The order of all elements in the partitions is undefined. If provided with a sequence of k-th it will partition all of them into their sorted position at once.

Deprecated since version 1.22.0: Passing booleans as index is deprecated.

axisint or None, optional

Axis along which to sort. The default is -1 (the last axis). If None, the flattened array is used.

kind{‘introselect’}, optional

Selection algorithm. Default is ‘introselect’

orderstr or list of str, optional

When a is an array with fields defined, this argument specifies which fields to compare first, second, etc. A single field can be specified as a string, and not all fields need be specified, but unspecified fields will still be used, in the order in which they come up in the dtype, to break ties.

index_arrayndarray, int

Array of indices that partition a along the specified axis. If a is one-dimensional, a[index_array] yields a partitioned a. More generally, np.take_along_axis(a, index_array, axis=axis) always yields the partitioned a, irrespective of dimensionality.

See also


Describes partition algorithms used.


Inplace partition.


Full indirect sort.


Apply index_array from argpartition to an array as if by calling partition.


See partition for notes on the different selection algorithms.


One dimensional array:

>>> x = np.array([3, 4, 2, 1])
>>> x[np.argpartition(x, 3)]
array([2, 1, 3, 4])
>>> x[np.argpartition(x, (1, 3))]
array([1, 2, 3, 4])
>>> x = [3, 4, 2, 1]
>>> np.array(x)[np.argpartition(x, 3)]
array([2, 1, 3, 4])

Multi-dimensional array:

>>> x = np.array([[3, 4, 2], [1, 3, 1]])
>>> index_array = np.argpartition(x, kth=1, axis=-1)
>>> np.take_along_axis(x, index_array, axis=-1)  # same as np.partition(x, kth=1)
array([[2, 3, 4],
       [1, 1, 3]])