class numpy.lib.npyio.NpzFile(fid)[source]#

A dictionary-like object with lazy-loading of files in the zipped archive provided on construction.

NpzFile is used to load files in the NumPy .npz data archive format. It assumes that files in the archive have a .npy extension, other files are ignored.

The arrays and file strings are lazily loaded on either getitem access using obj['key'] or attribute lookup using obj.f.key. A list of all files (without .npy extensions) can be obtained with obj.files and the ZipFile object itself using

fidfile, str, or pathlib.Path

The zipped archive to open. This is either a file-like object or a string containing the path to the archive.

own_fidbool, optional

Whether NpzFile should close the file handle. Requires that fid is a file-like object.


>>> from tempfile import TemporaryFile
>>> outfile = TemporaryFile()
>>> x = np.arange(10)
>>> y = np.sin(x)
>>> np.savez(outfile, x=x, y=y)
>>> _ =
>>> npz = np.load(outfile)
>>> isinstance(npz, np.lib.npyio.NpzFile)
>>> npz
NpzFile 'object' with keys: x, y
>>> sorted(npz.files)
['x', 'y']
>>> npz['x']  # getitem access
array([0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9])
>>> npz.f.x  # attribute lookup
array([0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9])
fileslist of str

List of all files in the archive with a .npy extension.

zipZipFile instance

The ZipFile object initialized with the zipped archive.

fBagObj instance

An object on which attribute can be performed as an alternative to getitem access on the NpzFile instance itself.

allow_picklebool, optional

Allow loading pickled data. Default: False

Changed in version 1.16.3: Made default False in response to CVE-2019-6446.

pickle_kwargsdict, optional

Additional keyword arguments to pass on to pickle.load. These are only useful when loading object arrays saved on Python 2 when using Python 3.

max_header_sizeint, optional

Maximum allowed size of the header. Large headers may not be safe to load securely and thus require explicitly passing a larger value. See ast.literal_eval for details. This option is ignored when allow_pickle is passed. In that case the file is by definition trusted and the limit is unnecessary.



Close the file.

get(key[, default])

D.get(k,[,d]) returns D[k] if k in D, else d.


D.items() returns a set-like object providing a view on the items


D.keys() returns a set-like object providing a view on the keys


D.values() returns a set-like object providing a view on the values