Return a copy of the array.

order{‘C’, ‘F’, ‘A’, ‘K’}, optional

Controls the memory layout of the copy. ‘C’ means C-order, ‘F’ means F-order, ‘A’ means ‘F’ if a is Fortran contiguous, ‘C’ otherwise. ‘K’ means match the layout of a as closely as possible. (Note that this function and numpy.copy are very similar but have different default values for their order= arguments, and this function always passes sub-classes through.)

See also


Similar function with different default behavior



This function is the preferred method for creating an array copy. The function numpy.copy is similar, but it defaults to using order ‘K’, and will not pass sub-classes through by default.


>>> x = np.array([[1,2,3],[4,5,6]], order='F')
>>> y = x.copy()
>>> x.fill(0)
>>> x
array([[0, 0, 0],
       [0, 0, 0]])
>>> y
array([[1, 2, 3],
       [4, 5, 6]])
>>> y.flags['C_CONTIGUOUS']

For arrays containing Python objects (e.g. dtype=object), the copy is a shallow one. The new array will contain the same object which may lead to surprises if that object can be modified (is mutable):

>>> a = np.array([1, 'm', [2, 3, 4]], dtype=object)
>>> b = a.copy()
>>> b[2][0] = 10
>>> a
array([1, 'm', list([10, 3, 4])], dtype=object)

To ensure all elements within an object array are copied, use copy.deepcopy:

>>> import copy
>>> a = np.array([1, 'm', [2, 3, 4]], dtype=object)
>>> c = copy.deepcopy(a)
>>> c[2][0] = 10
>>> c
array([1, 'm', list([10, 3, 4])], dtype=object)
>>> a
array([1, 'm', list([2, 3, 4])], dtype=object)