numpy.nanmean#
- numpy.nanmean(a, axis=None, dtype=None, out=None, keepdims=<no value>, *, where=<no value>)[source]#
Compute the arithmetic mean along the specified axis, ignoring NaNs.
Returns the average of the array elements. The average is taken over the flattened array by default, otherwise over the specified axis.
float64
intermediate and return values are used for integer inputs.For all-NaN slices, NaN is returned and a RuntimeWarning is raised.
New in version 1.8.0.
- Parameters:
- aarray_like
Array containing numbers whose mean is desired. If a is not an array, a conversion is attempted.
- axis{int, tuple of int, None}, optional
Axis or axes along which the means are computed. The default is to compute the mean of the flattened array.
- dtypedata-type, optional
Type to use in computing the mean. For integer inputs, the default is
float64
; for inexact inputs, it is the same as the input dtype.- outndarray, optional
Alternate output array in which to place the result. The default is
None
; if provided, it must have the same shape as the expected output, but the type will be cast if necessary. See Output type determination for more details.- keepdimsbool, optional
If this is set to True, the axes which are reduced are left in the result as dimensions with size one. With this option, the result will broadcast correctly against the original a.
If the value is anything but the default, then keepdims will be passed through to the
mean
orsum
methods of sub-classes ofndarray
. If the sub-classes methods does not implement keepdims any exceptions will be raised.- wherearray_like of bool, optional
Elements to include in the mean. See
reduce
for details.New in version 1.22.0.
- Returns:
- mndarray, see dtype parameter above
If out=None, returns a new array containing the mean values, otherwise a reference to the output array is returned. Nan is returned for slices that contain only NaNs.
Notes
The arithmetic mean is the sum of the non-NaN elements along the axis divided by the number of non-NaN elements.
Note that for floating-point input, the mean is computed using the same precision the input has. Depending on the input data, this can cause the results to be inaccurate, especially for
float32
. Specifying a higher-precision accumulator using thedtype
keyword can alleviate this issue.Examples
>>> a = np.array([[1, np.nan], [3, 4]]) >>> np.nanmean(a) 2.6666666666666665 >>> np.nanmean(a, axis=0) array([2., 4.]) >>> np.nanmean(a, axis=1) array([1., 3.5]) # may vary