# numpy.unwrap#

numpy.unwrap(p, discont=None, axis=-1, *, period=6.283185307179586)[source]#

Unwrap by taking the complement of large deltas with respect to the period.

This unwraps a signal p by changing elements which have an absolute difference from their predecessor of more than max(discont, period/2) to their period-complementary values.

For the default case where period is $$2\pi$$ and discont is $$\pi$$, this unwraps a radian phase p such that adjacent differences are never greater than $$\pi$$ by adding $$2k\pi$$ for some integer $$k$$.

Parameters:
parray_like

Input array.

discontfloat, optional

Maximum discontinuity between values, default is period/2. Values below period/2 are treated as if they were period/2. To have an effect different from the default, discont should be larger than period/2.

axisint, optional

Axis along which unwrap will operate, default is the last axis.

periodfloat, optional

Size of the range over which the input wraps. By default, it is 2 pi.

New in version 1.21.0.

Returns:
outndarray

Output array.

Notes

If the discontinuity in p is smaller than period/2, but larger than discont, no unwrapping is done because taking the complement would only make the discontinuity larger.

Examples

>>> phase = np.linspace(0, np.pi, num=5)
>>> phase[3:] += np.pi
>>> phase
array([ 0.        ,  0.78539816,  1.57079633,  5.49778714,  6.28318531]) # may vary
>>> np.unwrap(phase)
array([ 0.        ,  0.78539816,  1.57079633, -0.78539816,  0.        ]) # may vary
>>> np.unwrap([0, 1, 2, -1, 0], period=4)
array([0, 1, 2, 3, 4])
>>> np.unwrap([ 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 1, 2, 3], period=6)
array([1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9])
>>> np.unwrap([2, 3, 4, 5, 2, 3, 4, 5], period=4)
array([2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9])
>>> phase_deg = np.mod(np.linspace(0 ,720, 19), 360) - 180
>>> np.unwrap(phase_deg, period=360)
array([-180., -140., -100.,  -60.,  -20.,   20.,   60.,  100.,  140.,
180.,  220.,  260.,  300.,  340.,  380.,  420.,  460.,  500.,
540.])