numpy.frombuffer(buffer, dtype=float, count=- 1, offset=0, *, like=None)

Interpret a buffer as a 1-dimensional array.


An object that exposes the buffer interface.

dtypedata-type, optional

Data-type of the returned array; default: float.

countint, optional

Number of items to read. -1 means all data in the buffer.

offsetint, optional

Start reading the buffer from this offset (in bytes); default: 0.


Reference object to allow the creation of arrays which are not NumPy arrays. If an array-like passed in as like supports the __array_function__ protocol, the result will be defined by it. In this case, it ensures the creation of an array object compatible with that passed in via this argument.

New in version 1.20.0.


If the buffer has data that is not in machine byte-order, this should be specified as part of the data-type, e.g.:

>>> dt = np.dtype(int)
>>> dt = dt.newbyteorder('>')
>>> np.frombuffer(buf, dtype=dt) 

The data of the resulting array will not be byteswapped, but will be interpreted correctly.


>>> s = b'hello world'
>>> np.frombuffer(s, dtype='S1', count=5, offset=6)
array([b'w', b'o', b'r', b'l', b'd'], dtype='|S1')
>>> np.frombuffer(b'\x01\x02', dtype=np.uint8)
array([1, 2], dtype=uint8)
>>> np.frombuffer(b'\x01\x02\x03\x04\x05', dtype=np.uint8, count=3)
array([1, 2, 3], dtype=uint8)