# numpy.ma.ptp#

ma.ptp(obj, axis=None, out=None, fill_value=None, keepdims=<no value>)[source]#

Return (maximum - minimum) along the given dimension (i.e. peak-to-peak value).

Warning

`ptp` preserves the data type of the array. This means the return value for an input of signed integers with n bits (e.g. np.int8, np.int16, etc) is also a signed integer with n bits. In that case, peak-to-peak values greater than `2**(n-1)-1` will be returned as negative values. An example with a work-around is shown below.

Parameters:
axis{None, int}, optional

Axis along which to find the peaks. If None (default) the flattened array is used.

out{None, array_like}, optional

Alternative output array in which to place the result. It must have the same shape and buffer length as the expected output but the type will be cast if necessary.

fill_valuescalar or None, optional

Value used to fill in the masked values.

keepdimsbool, optional

If this is set to True, the axes which are reduced are left in the result as dimensions with size one. With this option, the result will broadcast correctly against the array.

Returns:
ptpndarray.

A new array holding the result, unless `out` was specified, in which case a reference to `out` is returned.

Examples

```>>> x = np.ma.MaskedArray([[4, 9, 2, 10],
...                        [6, 9, 7, 12]])
```
```>>> x.ptp(axis=1)
fill_value=999999)
```
```>>> x.ptp(axis=0)
fill_value=999999)
```
```>>> x.ptp()
10
```

This example shows that a negative value can be returned when the input is an array of signed integers.

```>>> y = np.ma.MaskedArray([[1, 127],
...                        [0, 127],
...                        [-1, 127],
...                        [-2, 127]], dtype=np.int8)
>>> y.ptp(axis=1)
```>>> y.ptp(axis=1).view(np.uint8)